Picturesque ist ein ästhetisches Ideal, das von William Gilpin in die englische . Kerstin Walter: Das Pittoreske. Die Theorie des englischen Landschaftsgartens als Baustein zum Verständnis von Kunst der Gegenwart (= Benrather Schriften. pittoresk hat folgende Bedeutung in deutschen Wörterbuch Duden,dwds, Wortschatz-Portal,Wikipedia,Wiki usw. Juli Fremdwort. metropolerhinrhone.eu pittoresk. Genus (Artikel), - (Adjektiv). Ursprungssprache, Latein: pictor „Maler“ -> Italienisch: pittoresco „malerisch“.
Among us [Europeans], the beauty of building and planting is placed chiefly in some certain proportions, symmetries, or uniformities; our walks and our trees ranged so as to answer one another, and at exact distances.
The Chineses scorn this way of planting, and say, a boy, that can tell an hundred, may plant walks of trees in straight lines, and over-against one another, and to what length and extent he pleases.
But their greatest reach of imagination is employed in contriving figures, where the beauty shall be great, and strike the eye, but without any order or disposition of parts that shall be commonly or easily observed: And whoever observes the work upon the best India gowns, or the painting upon their best screens or purcellans, will find their beauty is all of this kind that is without order.
Imaginations of Far Eastern irregularity and sharawadgi returns frequently in the eighteenth and nineteenth century discourse. Multiple authors have attempted to trace the etymology of sharawadgi to various Chinese and Japanese terms for garden design.
Lang and Nikolaus Pevsner dismissed these two unattested Chinese terms, doubted the Japanese sorowaji , and suggested that Temple coined the word " sharawadgi " himself.
Quennell concurred that the term could not be traced to any Chinese word, and favored the Japanese etymology. Ciaran Murray , reasons that Temple heard the word sharawadgi from Dutch travelers who had visited Japanese gardens, following the Oxford English Dictionary that enters Sharawadgi without direct definition, excepting a gloss under the Temple quotation.
It notes the etymology is "Of unknown origin; Chinese scholars agree that it cannot belong to that language. Temple speaks as if he had himself heard it from travellers".
Ciaran Murray emphasizes that Temple used "the Chineses" in blanket reference inclusive of all Oriental races during a time when the East-West dialogues and influences were quite fluid.
Temple misinterpreted wild irregularity, which he characterized as sharawadgi , to be happy circumstance instead of carefully manipulated garden design.
His idea of highlighting natural imperfections and spatial inconsistencies was the inspiration for fashioning early 18th-century " Sharawadgi gardens" in England.
Burke suggested a third category including those things which neither inspire awe with the sublime or pleasure with the beautiful.
He called it "the picturesque" and qualified it to mean all that cannot fit into the two more rational states evoked by the other categories.
Gilpin wrote prolifically on the merits of touring the countryside of England. The naturally morose, craggy, pastoral, and untouched landscape of northern England and Scotland was a suitable endeavor for the rising middle classes, and Gilpin thought it almost patriotic to travel the homeland instead of the historically elite tour of the great European cities.
A simple description of the picturesque is the visual qualities of Nature suitable for a picture. However, Lockean philosophy had freed Nature from the ideal forms of allegory and classical pursuits, essentially embracing the imperfections in both landscapes and plants.
In this way the idea progressed beyond the study of great landscape painters like Claude Deruet and Nicolas Poussin into experimentation with creating episodic, evocative, and contemplative landscapes in which elements were combined for their total effect as an individual picture.
The picturesque style in landscape gardening was a conscious manipulation of Nature to create foregrounds, middlegrounds, and backgrounds in a move to highlight a selection of provocative formal elements - in short the later appropriation of Humphrey Repton.
It is unique that an idea on applied design Sharawadgi was diffused, which resulted in a typology of gardens that served as a precursor for the picturesque style.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Cambridge Companion to Travel Writing , p. Marco Boschini, his critics, and their critiques of painterly brush-work in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Italy.
Netherlands Quarterly for the History of Art , Vol. London and New York: Schroeter had also worked in film as a producer, cinematographer, editor and actor.
As an actor, he appeared in several films directed by his friend Rainer Werner Fassbinder , including Beware of a Holy Whore , and a number of theatre productions.
The film won the German Film Award in Gold. Although he is mainly known for elaborate and excessive camp fables, the director also made some hard-hitting documentaries including Smiling Star 83 and For Example, Argentina about the Marcos regime in the Philippines and the Galtieri military dictatorship in Argentina, respectively.
At the time of his death Schroeter had been organizing a photography exhibition with his art-dealer friend Christian Holzfuss featuring his own works, most of which were manipulated portraits of the many actresses with whom he had worked over the years.
In a documentary about the director was made by Elfi Mikesch, a close friend and collaborator, entitled Mondo Lux: The Visual Worlds of Werner Schroeter .
In he was awarded posthumously with the Traetta Prize for his work in the rediscovery of the roots of European music.
In the s Schroeter worked with Rosa von Praunheim , who is also gay. Gray painted a portrait of Schroeter. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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